Is distributing free fonts over the internet immoral?
BTW, I have not patented or copyrighted the PANOPTIC alphabet. (The particular Panoptica typefaces I created using the alphabet are, however, copyright, and the name is a trademark.)
Nick, this is off topic but have you tried setting long passages of text with any of your Panoptica typefaces? How does the panoptic alphabet hold us as text type?
I've read studies about reading the shapes of words rather than the individual letters and the panoptic alphabet seems like an interesting way of testing that idea beyond upper or lowercase body copy.
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...have you tried setting long passages of text with any of your Panoptica typefaces?
The longest would be a book of poems, for which it was designed, actually.Diamonds. It's available at my web site.
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Moral judgement differs between each case.
If using a font has a direct economic influence on others, then I see no argument to favour not paying for it. For example, if a non-profit organisation uses a font to attract customers away from another organisation, then that non-profit organisation is morally obligated to pay for the font.
In contrast, if you are using a font for academic or private viewings that have no discernible economic influence on others, then you may have moral basis for free use. Many companies have a fair rights policy, or personal discretion, that allows for this.
This is my scheme of things. If I am distributing fonts or anything else, my moral obligation is to ensure the receiving party shares my point of view.
Let me be the first to share your point of view!
... so ... from where can I download your fonts?
"Is distributing free fonts over the internet immoral?"
crappy free fonts? Bad, bad, bad!
Depends on the license and its ownership, and what your opinion on intellectual property rights are? I’d say no. Providing you designed the fonts yourself, or have permission from the person who did, of course Of course there are levels of grey — would a typeface designed as a parody of the McDonalds logo be acceptable?
Hi. I'm a college student working on a research project for McDonalds. I'm looking for a font that replicates the McDonalds font, and as you know, it doesn't exist. Its not for money and just an assignment. is there any way i can get the one that you created? thanks!
A lot of designers I speak to, ask why should they buy fonts, when they can download font for free…
Free fonts are WMD and should be treated accordingly.
I should add that although I don’t think giving away fonts for free is immoral, I do think it tends to devalue type, and is usually bad for the type industry and those who wish to make their living at type. So, if the question is, should we give away some fonts, given that we don’t care whether we make money, I’d say “that depends.” Personally, I’d suggest you decide what you think the fonts are worth, and charge that amount for them. They might be quite cheap. I guess the problem with that is that getting into the whole e-commerce setup might be expensive and troublesome, given that you don’t expect to charge much. I wonder what one would do for sort of “poor man’s e-commerce”? Maybe let people pay with PayPal, and email them their fonts afterwards? Say, you could auction the fonts on e*Bay! Okay, now I’m getting silly…. Seriously, though, one element of the problem is that most users don’t understand the quality diﬀerence between most of the free and shareware fonts and high quality well crafted fonts. So as long as there are lots of free fonts, they think people are “greedy” or something if they want to charge for fonts. What I do think is unethical is making knockoﬀs of existing retail fonts (whether free or not), or distributing other people’s retail fonts illegally (piracy). My two cents. T
“Everybody wants something, whether it’s fonts or money.” Thomas, when you make tshirts bearing this quote, I will buy one.
>To reverse the argument, isn’t charging money for something just pandering to the greed of the seller? Thomas: no, because a sale is a (hopefully fair) exchange of value, money for goods. Getting something for nothing is greedy, unless it would have otherwise gone to waste. Because really, there’s no such thing as something for nothing, someone always ends up paying, one way or another — and with free fonts a number of posts to this thread have pointed out how third parties can suﬀer. But nowadays, it’s generally considered smart to get something for nothing, not an embarrassment — shows the immorality of the age, doesn’t it?
What about releasing a font as opensource, letting people modify and resell as they please, but leaving the source code freely downloadable?
I’m very intrigued by the idea of an opensource type movement. There could be say various starting ideas, and people to add a glyph at a time, or punctuation, or metrics. The fontographer ﬁles could be downloadable as would be various incarnations of the typeface. People could add their name to the devlopment of the growing high-quality typeface. I think if there isn’t opensource type, we should start something PS> I in no way condone font piracy and support the type industry, but this opensource is a diﬀerent altogether. And IMHO, it’s far from immoral.
Distributing free fonts (with the designer’s permission) hardly seems immoral to me. I understand the argument that it may devalue the work of type designers in general, but I’d present the Yale typeface as a good counter example. Granted, it’s not free to all, but it is free to students and faculty. It’s an example, in my opinion, of an organization absorbing the cost for the general betterment of their typographic environment. This strikes me as a moral act, or at the very least an act that isn’t immoral. Proper credit and emphasis are also given to the designer and the intentions associated with the font family’s designs, which contributes to my support for this project. Personally, if taking things that’re free means I’m greedy, then I was greedy by reading Typophile before contributing, where I got insights, opinions, and help for free. I also oﬀered them up without the promise of reciprocation from any individual I helped (and still do). Distribution of free fonts (or software, for that matter) can be done in the name of public good and open exchange of ideas, which has little to do with commerce and a lot to do with growth and community. I buy fonts, but I also download and appreciate generous free oﬀerings such as Unibody and Silkscreen. I don’t think honest, well-intended distribution of personal work is the problem. The gauging of type’s value by the public at large is inﬂuenced much more thoroughly by Microsoft, Apple, and Adobe than by John Doe’s Personal Font Site with his free Star Wars font knockoﬀs. Note: I do not condone font piracy, and my argument does not apply to those who publicly redistribute fonts outside of the terms of their licenses, or seek to make money from the designs of others.
The Yale Typeface project is an abuse of taxpayers hard earned money. Also Yale should not be in the business of competing with business. Shame on them.
“Also Yale should not be in the business of competing with business. Shame on them.” They hired a type designer to design type for them. Carter did, and they paid him for it (I presume). I fail to see the problem. The type is forced on no one, and exists as its own reason for being, not as a bullet point in a product sell sheet. I take it that the manner of its distribution is the problem? They aren’t distributing it against Carter’s wishes, are they? I’m also not sure what you’re referring to when you write about “an abuse of taxpayers hard earned money,” could you elaborate? I get the sense I’m not aware of the full picture.
Why should it be wrong? It’s just a delivery method. Re: that McDonalds font (that was shut down my McD lawyers), check out this NY Times piece on some Barbie photography. Both are parodies, but this latter case has some lawyers (the ACLU) willing to stand by it.
Yale is a private school and not publicly funded, fwiw. T
Nick,Gerald: you are both so greedy!!!!! Of course there are plenty of free and good things in life, the best things are luckily free. Was it immoral to vaccine the world population in the sake of the pock erradication (without charging individuals for it) even if this pandered greed? Goods are made to satisfy human needs, not only to be traded. Human creations are done to be shared, not to be hoarded. So I don
Thomas, >Yale is a private school and not publicly funded, fwiw. Thank you, a better reason to “not act charitably” towards the Yale project. Reason to lobby for stronger “anti-dumping laws”.
Good point in the previous post Chris. To add onto your argument that distributing free font does not neccessarily devalues the work of type designers in general, take a look at Gaultney’s Gentium too: http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&item_id=Gentium I’m also intrigued by the idea of open source type, James. Although in many ways, type seems like much more diﬃcult area for open source development than software for example. Some free fonts can be “WMD” Gerald, but also type business can never be what it used to be before. And it souldn’t. Technology changes every aspect of life, so it should change type business as well. Just like software, additional fonts can be manufactured with zero marginal cost now: http://levine.sscnet.ucla.edu/general/intellectual/coﬀee.htm http://levine.sscnet.ucla.edu/papers/ip.ch.1.m1004.pdf (pdf) and I do think that most EULAs are too restrictive. Note that I feel very strongly against any kind of piracy too. Sooo sorry if I’m straying oﬀ topic
Jajaja, ok, taken advice Gerald =)
Gerald, Unless I misunderstand, Yale commissioned the typeface for the use of its staﬀ and students. How is this “worse” than a company commissioning a typeface? Should companies and educational institutions not be allowed to commission new original typefaces for their own use? T
Buﬀooey, http://levine.sscnet.ucla.edu/papers/ip.ch.1.m1004.pdf Nothing to do with fonts in America. For starters, in America there is no such thing as copyright protection for fonts. Trademarks are the eﬀective ingrediant. Nothing intellectual about them. In fact most of them are baseline retarded. Technology changing is ﬁne. If anyone here knows about changes it would be I. That said I value the digital work in the Lanston Library, I am sure, even though Thomas may disagree, I suspect Adobe values their cheap or free fonts that are bundled. Also I am sure that Carter values his time and puts a dollar ﬁgure on it. The fact that the technology changes does not mean I wish to stopped eating. So if type should be free, why should not books also be free, not to mention electric lights. You and Hector must be the last card carrying members of the Wobblies. That’s it, isn’t it? http://www.fortunecity.com/tinpan/parton/2/iww.html Say hello to Woody Guthrie, tell him I enjoyed his song about the dog with the wooden leg?
Tomas Should companies and educational institutions not be allowed to commission new original typefaces for their own use? Of course they should. What kind of a question is that? I thought we were speaking of free fonts. Am I on the wrong thread? “Free Fonts and the Internet” Maybe there is some confusion, perhaps. Why in Dickens didn’t anyone point that out to the fellow with the link. Geezads.
Thomas, I am trying with the name. I feel so stupid. I had this friend. So sorry, I did it again.
but should designers give away there work for free?
Besides, They should have commissioned Lanston to digitize Yale Janson by Sol Hess. No respect for their own tradition. To think I was going to donate to Yale University, patterns, punches, cutting cards and all materials in the docket. But ooooh no. Now if that was a public University it would never have happened. The public has respect.
I agree with Brian.
Gerald, Yes, that’s the title of the thread, but the message about the Yale typeface said: “Granted, it’s not free to all, but it is free to students and faculty. It’s an example, in my opinion, of an organization absorbing the cost for the general betterment of their typographic environment.” And I don’t mind you confusing my name with that of a friend of yours. It’s rather sweet, and not at all oﬀensive. Cheers, T
I am one of the people who have been reading here, trying to educate myself about type. Brian, you mention children and favorite typefaces. As a child I loved to read and I loved to read books that had a certain type in them. I never learned the names of the type I liked, but I did recognize that certain types made the reading experience better, the way good paper did. Now I’m working in a specialized web design ﬁeld and I need to build a type library. I have purchased a lot of type recently but I have also downloaded free type. When I found type that was obviously ripped oﬀ or downright stolen, I realized that I didn’t have the knowledge to recognize which free fonts were original and which weren’t. So I went back and deleted the free fonts, except for a very few that I feel certain about. I see nothing wrong with someone oﬀering a free font if you purchase a font. But I think that we should respect the artists who design type and pay them what they deserve or we will ﬁnd that we are left with a lot of cheap, crappy type and not much else.
Sharon, I can assure you, you are one of the most learned people here. I could not have said that better myself. Refreshing.
Thomas, Yes, that’s the title of the thread, but the message about the Yale typeface said: “Granted, it’s not free to all, but it is free to students and faculty. It’s an example, in my opinion, of an organization absorbing the cost for the general betterment of their typographic environment.” Thomas, you have to look at it this way. If you want that font, ﬁrst you have to have very good marks, have lots of money, and be accepted into Yale University. What is free about that?
If you are the designer of a font, why should you not be able to give it away free? I’m glad someone mentioned Gentium, which is a great example. People in the past have drawn comparisons with music — no-one asks why we need music, so the argument goes, so why should we ask why we need new fonts. Likewise on font distribution, surely? I dont think that too many people would hold with the argument that ALL music HAD to be charged for (or not released or performed), so that those who are at the top of their profession should not feel somehow devalued, and I dont see why that analogy isn’t ﬁtting here. Type design isn’t all about the money. Some people are designing fonts simply because they enjoy it and may want to share it with others. Others are learning (this is where I am at). Others to provide an altruistic service to the wider community. And many people are trying to make their living from it. All are surely acceptable, if not welcome?
Educating the public about type is a great idea, but it is also more of a lofty goal than a small group of other students and I can bull oﬀ at the moment. Instead, we want to educate our own fellow students ﬁrst. There are 700 students who study with us, most of whom have no idea about type. Many of them probably just assume that it is automatically generated by the computer itself! We want to to show them what is interesting about type design, why some students at the school do it, and why stealing fonts is bad (everyone knows that students steal typefaces). We would also like to say, “hey, be carefull about free fonts.” They might not be good. And using them might even prevent newer, better typefaces from ever being released.
Free font websites are a secondary problem. Font pirarcy is something which needs to be looked at as the major enemy to the industry, peer to peer networks are full of pirated fonts and unlike pop stars who have there songs traded in these networks, font designers are not rich. In the end it will probably be the music industry that closes down these places. But what message does a peer to peer free for all world send to students studying design… ‘if I can get this stuﬀ free, then why pay for it…’. I agree that education is key.
The problem with the music/fonts analogy is that — in very basic terms — music is entertainment and fonts are tools. That said, I’m not sure how to weigh in on this conversation, other than to say that any free font initiative that is born out of a desire to educate can’t be nearly as harmful as the giant free font archives and mass software bundling.
Jim, that’s a diﬀerent question. Giving away your work for free may be stupid, or it may be a good publicity move. But for the reasons David said, it’s not unethical. I’m curious why you asked Dan.
I agree with you to a point, Stephen, but I think the analogy still holds as they are still license-based intellectual property products based on creativity, no matter what their end “purpose” may be. To tie it back in with the original question, as with most things in life, somethings morality is very much linked with its intention. If I release a load of rip oﬀ fonts for free on the web to spite a foundry, then that’s probably immoral (there are always exceptions, of course). But if I release my own designs, that I have created for my own amusement, and share them, then surely thats a whole diﬀerent ballgame. Surely it would be immoral to charge a competitive industry price for a font that does not meet the standards of, say, JFP or Mr Carter?</font>
Free fonts do nothing for an education about typography. How could they? What would the message be? Is this your message? “you don’t have to pay for fonts”. Duh, hyuk, my name is Bob! Remember students go to Yale just so they can get that “Yale font by Carter”, they are paying the highest price in the world for a font. That font is so expensive Yale is like Adbobe and others. Yale has to bundle in a free education with their font. And Yale is in the education business. If you want to teach people open up your own private university and hire Carter. If you are giving away quality fonts
“But nowadays, it’s generally considered smart to get something for nothing, not an embarrassment — shows the immorality of the age, doesn’t it?” So, you side with MS saying that open source software is immoral? ;o)
My friend, Fonts are not software, they are documents.
Darrel, I don’t know anything about open source software. I was presenting a very traditional, spiritual even, version of morality. (Not something I necessarily subscribe to). It’s interesting that when MTV polled a group of music stars on the 7 deadly sins, the general response was, “Those are sins?” This is a very venal age, is it not? — and the the ease of digital copying has kicked the out of traditional intellectual property rights. If we can’t decide whether something is immoral, we won’t be able to legislate against it, and as we can’t police it anyway, just stick to busting B&E perps. BTW, I have not patented or copyrighted the PANOPTIC alphabet. (The particular Panoptica typefaces I created using the alphabet are, however, copyright, and the name is a trademark.) So if other type designers want to create unicase, monowidth typefaces (can’t think why, but…) please feel free to use the “Panoptic” model. Consider it “open source”. There, H
personaly, i don’t believe that giving something away for free is immoral. i don’t beleive that accepting something for free is necesarily immoral either. i do believe that ingratitude is immoral, however. why do some people oﬀer free fonts? i think they do so for advertising purposes
> music is entertainment and fonts are tools. Personally, I ﬁnd many fonts extremely entertaining. Additionally, many of the folks in the music industry that I have worked with are, quite frankly, tools. >Fonts are not software, they are documents. Gerald, in the sense that fonts are designed, developed, compiled, programmed, and distributed in a digital format… they can indeed be classiﬁed as software.
>Fonts are not software, they are documents. Gerald, you left the “u” out of “founts”.