Do we have UNICODE for music notes?

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Typograph's picture
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Joined: 22 May 2008 - 6:45am
Do we have UNICODE for music notes?
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Music is an universal language, there should be a unicode 4 it.
the idea is to build an open type font that will automaticly deal with the verious conditions without having to type a different character for each condition.

Michel Boyer's picture
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Joined: 2 Jun 2007 - 1:01pm
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You can find musical symbols in the range 1D100-1D1FF. See the unicode chart http://unicode.org/charts/PDF/U1D100.pdf. There are balinese musical symbols in the range 1B61-1B7C. There are also 266D MUSIC FLAT SIGN, 266E MUSIC NATURAL SIGN and 266F MUSIC SHARP SIGN

Typograph's picture
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Joined: 22 May 2008 - 6:45am
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and how does it work?
i mean how would one type them???

Riccardo Sartori's picture
Joined: 13 Jul 2009 - 4:20am
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i mean how would one type them???

With a dedicated music writing program. Just as you use a word processor in order to type text.

Simon Daniels's picture
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Joined: 11 Apr 2002 - 6:37pm
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See also... http://p22.com/musicfont/

Cheers, Si

Michel Boyer's picture
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Joined: 2 Jun 2007 - 1:01pm
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And I forgot the Byzantine musical symbols in the range 1D000-1D0FF http://www.unicode.org/charts/PDF/U1D000.pdf

John Hudson's picture
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Joined: 21 Dec 2002 - 11:00am
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The music symbols in Unicode are intended for occasional use within typical text, not as a basis for musical notation layout, which typically requires specialised software. The best quality modern music notation output I've seen is from the open source LilyPond program, which seeks to emulate traditional music engraving.

For some kinds of music, a simpler, font-level solution is possible. I use the very good and easy-to-use Caeciliae OpenType font for Gregorian notation. It relies on something like InDesign in order to work.

John Hudson's picture
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Joined: 21 Dec 2002 - 11:00am
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PS: Music is an universal language, there should be a Unicode for it.

Music is not a language. Music is culturally-specific and not universal, although most cultures share similar musical concepts. Musical notation varies across cultures and standard Western musical notation can't even capture the expression of some Western music, let alone music from other cultures; this is why some modern composers invent their own notation systems or add new expressive marks to the standard notation. As far as I know, there also isn't any way to indicate a liquescent in standard Western notation, although one can in Gregorian notation. This is a good indicator of how music notation systems evolve for the purpose of particular types or styles of music, and are not universal in what they are able to record.

Michel Boyer's picture
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Joined: 2 Jun 2007 - 1:01pm
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In the LilyPond documentation, it is worth having a look at the examples with LiLypond input and pdf output.

I had a look at LilyPond's musical fonts. LilyPond uses in particular an otf font where the musical symbols are in the Private/Corporate area (from E100 to E27A).

Michel

Michel Boyer's picture
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Joined: 2 Jun 2007 - 1:01pm
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You can get Lilypond font files from http://sysinf0.klabs.be/usr/share/lilypond/. In the left panel, choose "2.8.7 > fonts > otf" and then select a font, say emmentaler-11.otf (I guess 11 is the optical size). To download you click (or right click) on the blue arrow (Action = Download file) in the top right panel.

Michel

Jason Pagura's picture
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Joined: 10 Sep 2006 - 6:19pm
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While it's not a standard for typesetting music per se, Garageband is bundled on every new Mac, and it uses a pair of Truetype fonts to display its music notation. The encoding of these internal fonts does not appear to align to the Unicode positions for musical note glyphs.

The fonts are located in the package contents/Resources folder of the Garageband application.

Markus's picture
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Joined: 30 May 2017 - 3:16am
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Meanwile there are at least 15 free or commercial music fonts available that use the dedicated unicode musical symbols block.
Links can be found in this list:
https://elbsound.studio/music-fonts.php#unicode

Solej's picture
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Joined: 5 Jun 2017 - 6:52am
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That's what I was looking for. thanks