proportional

Proportional vs. monospaced characters, and a calendar dilemma

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I am in the process of designing a wall calendar, with one page per week. (I am using CorelDRAW, if you must know.) I am using the fonts DIN Engschrift and DIN Mittelschrift, mainly the latter.
It being a calendar, numerals are the most important characters. I am going for function rather than beauty, but still, I don't want an ugly calendar. This is why I chose a road sign font: I want to be able to read the date from across the room without my eyeglasses! Also, monospaced figures are a must.
I really do not like the way that the days of the week look like they are going to turn out, though. Please see the picture. It is a screenshot of me testing several fonts in a spreadsheet program. No wonder Wednesday is nicknamed "hump day"!

How does one make curves proportional in a font?

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At some point I learned about trying to make strictly horizontal and vertical handles with my beziers, wherever possible. And I avoid unnecessary points... e.g. a perfect circle ought to be four points.

When I open other people's fonts, particularly scripts, the curves look so perfect. Like someone took a circle or ellipse and then chopped it half (or wherever). Or maybe did the equivalent of drawing a stroke in illustrator and outlining it.

Looking for a list of typefaces with the following criterias…

Good day everyone.

I am not looking for a specific typeface but rather a list of professional typefaces that would abide by the criteria listed below.

Essentials

  • Proportional spacing for the latin characters with tabular lining figures. (Thanks for clarifying Renko!)
  • French accented latin charaters (é, à, ê…).
  • At least a plain and a bold weight option.
  • Typographers' Quotes (Single and Double)

Desirable attributes but no deal breakers

  • A thin weight option
  • An italic style
  • A condensed style
  • Fractions
  • Stylistic ligatures

Bonuses