Indices : Publications : U&lc

UPPER & LOWER CASE (U&lc) was a defining voice in world graphic design between 1970 and 1999. It was in some ways a lifestyle magazine for the design community – providing a fascinating intersection of popular culture and graphic design in the last quarter of the 20th century.

U&lc was always large format at 11 x 14.75 until around 1998 when they switched to a smaller 8.5 x 11 format.

Additional Articles:
dot-font: Big Pages, Flamboyant Typography


Wiki Categories: 

Indices: Terminology: Contrast

Relative measure between thick and thin strokes of a letterform.

Originally produced by the angle of the brush or pen nib, contrast was retained through the advent of mechanical type design and greatly exaggerated in the work of Didot and Bodoni. It was later almost completely eradicated in sans serif designs of the early twentieth century.


Indices : Terminology : Sort

Within a handset typecase each compartment is considered a sort. The term is also used to describe the contents of such compartment.

Trivia: When a typesetter is missing certain letters needed to finish a job they are “out of sorts.”


Indices : Latin

1. A language first spoken by the Latins in ancient Italy. Associated with the rise of the city of Rome and its later empire.

2. A reference to peoples of Central and South America, their languages, and their cultures.

3. A term for languages that use the Roman Alphabet.

4. A style of Serif, namely, ones of the triangular, pointed variety.

Roman Alphabet

The alphabet used by the Romans. Sometimes called Latin, the Latin Alphabet, or Roman (see Alphabets).

The Roman’s picked up the concept of an alphabet either, directly or indirectly, from the Greeks during the eigth century BC. Over time, they would evolve it into what we now think of as capital or Uppercase letters. The Roman alphabet reached its final form sometime during the Republican era, although serifs would be added a bit later.

By the reign of the Emperor Trajan in the second century AD, the alphabet had certainly long been “finished”. Nethertheless, letters would later be added to it during the Middle Ages (W and Z, for instance).


Indices : History : Trajan

Trajan 1: Marcus Ulpius Traianus. Born 53 AD. Died 117 AD. Roman Emperor from 98–117 (during which point the Empire would reach it’s greatest extent).

Indices : Typefaces : Trajan

Trajan 2: A typeface designed in 1989 by Carol Twombly for Adobe.

Trajan, i.e., the lettered inscription on the base of Trajan’s Column in Rome, is often regarded as one of the best models of the Imperial Roman alphabet. Trajan’s Column was erected by the Senate and People of Rome as a memorial the Emperor Marcus Ulpius Traianus’ wars, which slightly extended the Empire’s frontiers even further into “barbarian” territory than it had already been.