Indices : Vyaz’
Vyaz’ is a decorative style of Cyrillic Calligraphy characterised by tall, condensed and interlocking letters forming a dense and continous band of text. The style originated in Byzantine (Greek) books in the 11th century, and is related to the style of Greek Uncial lettering employed in Orthodox icons. It spread in Russia and flourished particularly in the 16th century. Three kinds of interlocking are typically found in vyaz’ lettering: stem ligation in which adjacent letters share a common stem, letters or parts of letters stacked vertically, and enclosure of smaller letters within larger ones.
The following instructions were kindly provided by David Berlow:
Aside from the argument of terms, and what is Italic, if you are making a sloping style to compliment a non-sloping style, here is the general start to a sans serif design.
All ascents and descents, x-heights, cap heights and figure heights stay the same. (that’s the good news).
Founded in London in 1964, the Society is interested in the history of printing and encourages both the study and the preservation of printing machinery, records, and equipment of historical value. Their website is at http://www.printinghistoricalsociety.org.uk/
David John Earls is a graphic designer based in London (a small polluted backwards city in western Europe), and the author of Designing Typefaces, a book published by RotoVision. He considers it a personal quest to persuade owners of his book to burn its detestable dust jacket.
In 1999, David Earls founded Typographer.org, which has since that time offered impartial and non-commercial writing on matters type.
Edward Benguiat, early employee of ITC, designer of many popular typefaces including the eponymous ITC Benguiat and ITC Benguiat Gothic, and Benguiat Interlock, recently revived in full OpenType glory by House Industries. He also worked on many revivals for ITC, including ITC Souvenir, ITC Bookman, and ITC Cheltenham.
The original Souvenir was drawn by Morris Fuller Benton and released by ATF in 1914. It appears, in a single weight only, in the famed 1923 ATF catalog. It has a distinctive “warm and fuzzy” look, and is probably one of the softest typefaces ever to have wide popularity.
The most common version today is the 1970 interpretation, drawn by Ed Benguiat for International Typeface Corporation. When ITC was formed, Souvenir was one of their first releases for phototype. With its large x-height, soft round curves, and clean design, ITC Souvenir Light closely follows Benton’s original, which anticipated their design philosophy nearly sixty years earlier. Ed Benguiat changed a few details and expanded the concept to a family of four weights in both roman and italic. ITC Souvenir became hugely popular, and many people associate it with the design aesthetic of the ’70s and of early ITC types in particular.
Indices : Johannes Gutenberg
(circa 1398 - Feb 3, 1468) Inventor of the Letterpress printing technique using metal alloy movable type and a press. He is accredited with producing the first western book using this technique, the “42-Line” (aka “Mainz” or “Gutenberg”) Bible. His letterpress printing technique was an amalgam of different technologies available at the time including wine presses and metal alloys.
See also Johann Gutenberg
for more info:
A portmanteau referring to adaptive pattern recognition skills and cognitive processes applied to reading, which enable humans to read proficiently in a great variety of writing systems, type styles, media, reproduction qualities and environmental conditions.
“The mass of everyday experiential evidence indicates that readerability matters much more to the reading process than the readability of what is read.” – John Hudson
Shinn vs. Papazian Challenge
Common mistakes in deigning for Cyrillic include:
- Horizontally flipping a roman cap R to create the ya. (Watch the stress!)
- Horizontally flipping a roman cap N to create the e and ekratkoya. (Again, watch the stress.)
- Using a roman cap K to create the zhe. (This often leads to a form that is too wide.)
The Cyrillic alphabet is an alphabet used for several East and South Slavic languages, as well as many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. With the accession of Bulgaria to the European Union on January 1, 2007, Cyrillic is now the third official alphabet of the EU.
Pangrams are short passages that include all 26 characters of the alphabet. They’re commonly used to help users of the font quickly assess a character set. They may also be useful to designers in the process of designing their own work but they are too compact for a more thorough assessment. Perhaps the most common pangram is The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.
Boxer M. Tyson packs his bags with Jay-Z DVDs, Quik, Holyfield’s ear. – BJ Harvey
Typophile Boxing! Papazian jousts with quaking, anonymous detractor. Fight at eleven. – Joe Pemberton
Selected published types:
Selected published types, collaborations:
Infinity (with Rick Valicenti)
Apex Sans (with Rick Valicenti)
Alexey (with Rick Valicenti)
Apex Serif (with Rick Valicenti)
Orbit (with Rick Valicenti & Robb Irrgang)
Co-founder with Tracy Jenkins of Village.
Village is based in the East Village of New York City. It is owned and run by Chester and Tracy Jenkins who are type and graphic designers, respectively. The first typeface published under the Village label was Galaxie Polaris, a Modernist sans serif family. Village is the ‘house brand’ and founding member of the type collective, vllg.com.