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Indices : Terminology : x-height

Succinctly put, the x-height is the height of the lowercase x in a given alphabet.

In the past x-height was stated by some as a proportion of the cap height. In digital fonts, the x-height is specified in the font as a proportion of the Em, typically with 1000 or 2048 units to the Em. Additionally, many typographers state the x-height as a proportion of the total vertical span of the lowercase, often limited to simply the ascender height. This practice is based on the realization that lowercase letters constitute approximately 95% of text.

Small Capitals

Small caps have many uses, but are primarily used for initials in body copy, such as NASA, NATO or the UN. The aim of this use is to diminish the visual awkwardness of capital letters hindering the flow of a paragraph. (Text Figures are also used for better flow in body text versus lining figures.)

The OpenType feature registered for small capitals is smcp, there is also a feature registered for petite caps (pcap).

From Nick Shinn:

Here are some differing strategies for “Caps with Small Caps” titling.
I don’t think any of them are ideal for this typeface.
In the designated small cap font the small cap is, as I said earlier, too wide.


Indices: Tools/Software : Fontographer

Fontographer is design software; an application for designing fonts and exporting various Font file formats.

Sometimes people incorrectly refer to typographers and type designers as “fontographers” – an incorrect reference to the software and not the practice of designing type.

The program first appeared on the market in 1985, released by Altsys, a software developer from Texas. Altsys, who developed Fontographer from version 1.0–4.0 was bought during the early 1990s by Macromedia. Macromedia then released version 4.1.


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Indices : Terminology : Typophile

Strictly speaking, a fanatic of all things type-related or typographic. In a broader sense, a lover of letters. This looser definition encompasses writing and lettering as areas of interest. See also Typophilism.

Indices : Organizations : Typophile

Typophile launched 16 April 2000. Typophile originally launched with exclusive articles and online courses from Jonathan Hoefler based on his Yale lectures as well as articles from Three Island Press and TypeRight.


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Indices : Design Firms : Punchcut

Punchcut maintains and operates Typophile with Punchcut co-founders Joseph Pemberton and Jared Benson acting as executive sponsors.

Punchcut is an interface design company, specializing in interfaces for devices: mobile, television and embedded-screen experiences. Punchcut maintains Typophile, a community for type designers, graphic designers and educators.

In addition to a broad array of consumer, mobile and entertainment brands, Punchcut has designed user interfaces and communications collateral for companies such as Hoefler and Frere-Jones, TypoBrand, FontShop and fStop.

Punchcut was founded in 2002.

Contact Information:
170 Maiden Lane, 3rd Floor


Indices : Font Retailers : FontShop

FSI FontShop International (www.FontShop.com) was founded in Berlin in 1988 by Erik Spiekermann and Joan Spiekermann, who were then husband and wife. FontShop is the original font reseller in digital type history. There are 6 independent FontShops (licensors of the FontShop concept) in Europe, Australia, and the USA.

FSI produces the FontFont typeface library and publishes FontBook, the most comprehensive printed reference on digital typefaces. In 2000 FSI started a royalty free image company called fStop (fStopimages.com).

FontShop also produces the publication Font.


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Indices : Conferences

Typography Conferences, hosted in various international locations:
ATypI Annual Conference
TypoTechnica (Linotype)

Typography Conferences, hosted in North America:
TypeCon (SOTA)

Typography Conferences, hosted in Germany:
TYPO Berlin (FontShop)
Typotage Leipzig
Tage der Typografie
Bundestreffen des Forum Typografie

Typography Conferences, hosted in Switzerland:
Tag der Schrift
Tag der Typografie

Typography Conferences, hosted in Lebanon:
typo.graphic.beirut (LAU)

Typography Conferences, hosted in the UK:
St Brides (Friends of St Brides)
Ampersand Conference

Typography Conferences, hosted in the Greece:


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