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History of Arabic Type

Simplified Arabic

Titus Nemeth's article titled "Simplified Arabic: a new form of Arabic type for hot metal composition" was recently published in "Typography papers 9."
This is an excellent review of the development of Simplified Arabic since its inception in the 1950's. It will be of interest to anyone concerned with the history of Arabic typeface design. It would be even more useful if some of the figure were published large enough to show the details of the typefaces featured. Perhaps, Reading or Nemeth could publish these images in high resolution on the Internet for those of us who desire to learn more.

Characteristics of Arabic Type

have posted two articles on my blog about the characteristics of Arabic type. I have grouped the characteristics in four categories:

1. General characteristics: that relate to the representation of the Arabic alphabet and number of glyphs needed in the font files.

2. Inherited characteristics: what Arabic type has taken from the calligraphic representation of Arabic text.

3. Acquired characteristics: how print and digital technologies have affected the shape of Arabic characters. Special focus was made on the introduction of the Linotype hot metal system and the resultant Simplified Arabic style.